Rethinking Civil-Military Relations in a Pakistan: Some Lessons from Turkey | OMICS International
Oct 11, Despite governmental failings and difficult civil-military relations in Pakistan, public polling indicates strong support for democracy, at Sep 7, Can just one meeting cause a paradigm shift in civil-military relations in Pakistan ? Will the military be subservient to the civilian government?. A Creeping Coup d'Etat in Pakistan. By Mohammad Taqi. November 01, Under Chief of Army Staff General Bajwa, Pakistan's civil-military balance firmly.
These forces are controlled by officers sent from army giving it an extra layer to indulge in domestic security matters. Federal or provincial governments have customary command over these forces and they are directed, controlled and operated by military command. In some instances, the ranger forces in the province of Sind were accused by the provincial ruling party for exceeding their mandate and making some politically motivated arrests of corruption cases.
The corruption was linked with terror financing to bring the political arrests with in the mandate of Rangers [ 17 ]. It clearly reflects that the military rather than provincial government controls the paramilitary forces. The ranker officers of paramilitary forces should also be allowed to rise to senior posts.
Paradigm shift in civil-military relations - Daily Times
The officer corps of these paramilitary forces in Pakistan should have a broad representation from police, military and civil services and made truly responsible to provincial government for increasing civilian control of internal security matters.
Due to the overbearing military influence, both the elected and military governments have militarized the civilian administration in Pakistan.
The civilian professionals are dismayed at the appointment of retired military officers to the senior slots of civilian administration, to which they neither have a qualification nor experience. With the help of this quota, military officers are inducted to civil posts in public administration, police and foreign service directly as compared to their civil counter parts who go through a rigorous competitive process.
These military officers in civil services maintain close contact with their colleagues in military and intelligence agencies, and act as a tool of military influence in civil administration. The induction of military officers to civil departments to be made equally competitive to that of candidates applying from civil for maintaining transparency.
Moreover, civil departments should be de-militarized to reduce the imperious military influence over civil institutions. Turkish president Gul and prime minister Erdogan participated the supreme council YAK annual meeting for military promotions in The prime minister or a special committee of cabinet must have a vetting power to block any candidate in the last promotion board to the lieutenant general in the army for a sustainable democracy in Pakistan.
Military in Pakistan gets opportunity to intervene only when the domestic situations deteriorate and the elected governments fail to perform. Good governance is a prerequisite for a sustainable representative government.
The elected government in Pakistan needs to prove through their performance that democracy is the better course for the country. However, it can be credited for putting Pakistan on the course of parliamentary form of democracy again by restoring the constitution to its original form and repealing the amendments carried out during the military rule.
The present government has fared well in economic progress. Under Sharif government Pakistan was termed fastest growing Muslim Country and 5th fastest economy in the World for the year [ 20 ]. The bold steps of AKP government in containing military power in Turkish politics was primarily successful because of its massive economic progress. AKP won three consecutive election sincewhich is indicative of the national confidence on the party leadership.
Rethinking Civil-Military Relations in a Pakistan: Some Lessons from Turkey
Pakistani elected leaders need to learn lesson from Turkish economic progress that the nation will only stand with democratic forces if the elected leaders can deliver.
Military in Pakistan guards its image jealously and uses all covert and overt measures to propagate its heroic image. Military in Pakistan maintains considerable number of media outlets, radio stations and coopted journalists in the media circles.
She argued that the ISPR has a huge media cell and it is used to defame individuals. The elected government should not let the public to lose their confidence on democracy and rule of law. AKP in Turkey gained more and more popularity since its elections in It made a history in Turkish politics by increasing its share in Parliament in every coming election while remaining in power.
Large part of this popularity can be attributed to articulated media campaign. As ofAKP funded 19 daily newspapers, magazines, 51 radio stations and 20 television channels [ 12 ]. Turkish military had been dominating foreign and domestic policy till the end of s. The militaristic foreign policy of Turkey had developed problems with most of its neighbours.
Internally also, AKP adopted appeasement policy towards Kurd minority. Due to economy-based foreign policy and regional integration, Turkish trade with neighbours grew six folds during the AKP rule [ 12 ]. Pakistan has also been turned into a security state due to its militaristic foreign policy.
The suppression of dissent at domestic front has already costed the country heavily. Conclusion In Pakistan, the path of democracy is perilous one.
The military governments have always tried to demonize politicians and political process but they have not been able to evolve into a lifelong dictatorship.
Pakistan needs to evolve into a practicing democracy with a civilian supremacy in its civil-military relations. Pakistan faced worst crisis in its history including its dismemberment during the military rule. The national fabric was weakened and military policies on external fronts also failed miserably.
The military in Pakistan needs to learn from the past and let the elected governments to complete their tenure in office repeatedly without direct or indirect intervention in domestic politics, to evolve stable democratic institutions in the process. The country needs to follow an economic led foreign policy with civilian supremacy in civilmilitary relations for political stability, social harmony and economic prosperity in Pakistan. Though, there are minimal chances of direct military rule in Pakistan, however, Pakistani politics seems to be dominated by military through its informal means for the foreseeable future.
References Reporter S People of Turkey have set an example by foiling a coup attempt-prime minister. Daily Jang, 18 NovemberJang Group: Schiff RL Concordance theoryin Pakistan: Armed Forces Soc Had this not been the case, political governments would have been allowed to function without any fear, pressures or coercion.
A lot of research which has been done in Pakistan and in foreign research centres and universities about civil-military relations pointed out numerous direct and indirect intervention by the Pakistan Army in civil matters. When politicians have not been able to put their own house in order, how can one expect the most powerful institution in the country to remain indifferent or not be ambitious?Civil Military Relations in Pakistan(CSS REGARDING)
Third, in the GHQ meeting and briefing, the participants were also briefed about internal security issues like Balochistan, Karachi, security situation in tribal areas and operations to eliminate those groups who intend to destabilise some of the regions of Pakistan with external backing.
His patriotism should not be taken for granted by bypassing him in the decision-making process on vital national security matters.
Paradigm shift in civil-military relations
This is the formative phase of the PTI led government and if they are able to strengthen their position domestically and in the realm of foreign policy, the situation may not be the same as it is now. Finally, there will be no paradigm shift in civil-military relations unless both the pillars of power are able to get over decades of mistrust, suspicion and insecurities. Later, Benazir and Nawaz Sharif came into power subsequently. Both the civilian leaders used military against each other and some elements of military also gained full advantage of absence of democratic values in top civilian leaders of country.
Poignantly, undemocratic forces toppled their government while they cherished the ouster of each other. When he left office incountry adopted the path of slow and steady democratic transition, and democratic evolution by achieving some balance of interest between political forces and establishment mainly named as Kayani doctrine.
Till today, this perplex equation reveals some systematic facts. First, democracy has never been strengthened in country on grass root level by inculcating reverence for democracy in public minds.
Second, coup has always been welcomed by overwhelming majority of people. Third, military always seeks space in political spectrum beyond constitutional role. Fourth, there is drastic difference between the practicality and theory of civil military relations in Pakistan.
Whenever the issue of civil military divide acquires space in press, it leads towards enormous suspicions raised on future of political process and eventually halts the national progress in multiple ways. The solution lies in upholding the constitution as supreme law of land and ensuring the rule of law as foremost principle in any case.