Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung
The relationship between Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud began in when Freud, who was already established in his field, saw his younger, outspoken. May 19, Freud had always been the victim of intense anti-Semitism; he saw in Jung a stronger, younger man, full of charisma, yet also, maybe most. Jul 24, Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung were colleagues and leading figures in the field of psychiatry in their day. This naturally led to a strong.
Rauschenbach was the owner, among other concerns, of IWC Schaffhausen — the International Watch Company, manufacturers of luxury time-pieces. Upon his death inhis two daughters and their husbands became owners of the business.
Jung's brother-in-law— Ernst Homberger —became the principal proprietor, but the Jungs remained shareholders in a thriving business that ensured the family's financial security for decades.
She eventually became a noted psychoanalyst in her own right. They had five children: Agathe, Gret, Franz, Marianne, and Helene.Master Your Emotions By Understanding Transference
The marriage lasted until Emma's death in His alleged affairs with Sabina Spielrein : Though it was mostly taken for granted that Jung's relationship with Spielrein included a sexual relationship, this assumption has been disputed, in particular by Henry Zvi Lothane.
The two men met for the first time the following year and Jung recalled the discussion between himself and Freud as interminable. He recalled that they talked almost unceasingly for thirteen hours. This marked the beginning of an intense correspondence and collaboration that lasted six years and ended in May Group photo in front of Clark University.
Front row, Sigmund FreudG. Stanley HallCarl Jung. Jung and Freud influenced each other during the intellectually formative years of Jung's life. Jung had become interested in psychiatry as a student by reading Psychopathia Sexualis by Richard von Krafft-Ebing.
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In Jung was appointed as a permanent 'senior' doctor at the hospital and also became a lecturer Privatdozent in the medical faculty of Zurich University. Preceded by a lively correspondence, Jung met Freud for the first time, in Vienna on 3 March The conference at Clark University was planned by the psychologist G. Stanley Hall and included twenty-seven distinguished psychiatrists, neurologists and psychologists.
It represented a watershed in the acceptance of psychoanalysis in North America. This forged welcome links between Jung and influential Americans. Freud would come to call Jung "his adopted eldest son, his crown prince and successor". While he did think that libido was an important source for personal growth, unlike Freud, Jung did not believe that libido alone was responsible for the formation of the core personality.
In these tensions came to a peak because Jung felt severely slighted after Freud visited his colleague Ludwig Binswanger in Kreuzlingen without paying him a visit in nearby Zurich, an incident Jung referred to as "the Kreuzlingen gesture". Shortly thereafter, Jung again traveled to the United States and gave the Fordham University lectures, a six-week series, which were published as The Theory of Psychoanalysis While they contain some remarks on Jung's dissenting view on the libido, they represent largely a "psychoanalytical Jung" and not the theory of analytical psychology, for which he became famous in the following decades.
Another primary disagreement with Freud stemmed from their differing concepts of the unconscious. According to Jung, Freud conceived the unconscious solely as a repository of repressed emotions and desires.
Freud had actually mentioned a collective level of psychic functioning but saw it primarily as an appendix to the rest of the psyche. While Jung spoke, Freud suddenly fainted and Jung carried him to a couch. Jung gave a talk on psychological types, the introverted and extraverted type in analytical psychology.
This constituted the introduction of some of the key concepts which came to distinguish Jung's work from Freud's in the next half century.
Midlife isolation[ edit ] It was the publication of Jung's book Psychology of the Unconscious in that led to the break with Freud. Letters they exchanged show Freud's refusal to consider Jung's ideas. This rejection caused what Jung described in his posthumous autobiography, Memories, Dreams, Reflections, as a "resounding censure". Everyone he knew dropped away except for two of his colleagues. Jung described his book as "an attempt, only partially successful, to create a wider setting for medical psychology and to bring the whole of the psychic phenomena within its purview.
London —14[ edit ] Jung spoke at meetings of the Psycho-Medical Society in London in and His travels were soon interrupted by the war, but his ideas continued to receive attention in England primarily through the efforts of Constance Long who translated and published the first English volume of his collected writings.
He saw visions and heard voices. He worried at times that he was "menaced by a psychosis" or was "doing a schizophrenia". He decided that it was valuable experience and, in private, he induced hallucinations or, in his words, " active imaginations ".
He recorded everything he felt in small journals. Jung began to transcribe his notes into a large red leather-bound book, on which he worked intermittently for sixteen years. Sonu Shamdasania historian of psychology from London, tried for three years to persuade Jung's resistant heirs to have it published. Up to mid-Septemberfewer than two dozen people had seen it.
Ulrich Hoerni, Jung's grandson who manages the Jung archives, decided to publish it to raise the additional funds needed when the Philemon Foundation was founded. It was published on 7 Octoberin German with a "separate English translation along with Shamdasani's introduction and footnotes" at the back of the book, according to Sara Corbett for The New York Times.
She wrote, "The book is bombastic, baroque and like so much else about Carl Jung, a willful oddity, synched with an antediluvian and mystical reality. There followed a decade of active publication, interspersed with overseas travels. England,[ edit ] Constance Long arranged for Jung to deliver a seminar in Cornwall in Another seminar was held inthis one organized by Helton Godwin Baynes known as Peterand another in United States —25, —37[ edit ] Jung made a more extensive trip westward in the winter of —5, financed and organized by Fowler McCormick and George Porter.
On the voyage to Africa, they became acquainted with an English woman named Ruth Bailey, who joined their safari a few weeks later. The group traveled through Kenya and Uganda to the slopes of Mount Elgonwhere Jung hoped to increase his understanding of "primitive psychology" through conversations with the culturally isolated residents of that area. Later he concluded that the major insights he had gleaned had to do with himself and the European psychology in which he had been raised.
In India, he felt himself "under the direct influence of a foreign culture" for the first time. In Africa, his conversations had been strictly limited by the language barrier, but in India he was able to converse extensively.
Hindu philosophy became an important element in his understanding of the role of symbolism and the life of the unconscious, though he avoided a meeting with Ramana Maharshi.
He described Ramana as being absorbed in "the self", but admitted to not understanding Ramana's self-realization or what he actually did do.
He also admitted that his field of psychology was not competent to understand the eastern insight of the Atman "the self". Jung became seriously ill on this trip and endured two weeks of delirium in a Calcutta hospital.
Afterhis travels were confined to Europe. A Modern Myth of Things Seen in the Skieswhich analyzed the archetypal meaning and possible psychological significance of the reported observations of UFOs.
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Jung's interest in philosophy and the occult led many to view him as a mystic, although his preference was to be seen as a man of science. Jung's definitions of archetypes varied over time and have been the subject of debate as to their usefulness. Archetypal images — universal symbols that can mediate opposites in the psyche, often found in religious art, mythology and fairy tales across cultures Complex — the repressed organisation of images and experiences that governs perception and behaviour Extraversion and introversion — personality traits of degrees of openness or reserve contributing to psychological type.
Jung viewed it as the psyche's central archetype Individuation — the process of fulfilment of each individual "which negates neither the conscious or unconscious position but does justice to them both". Extraversion and introversion Jung was one of the first people to define introversion and extraversion in a psychological context.
Everything depended upon whether or not hysteria would come out right. Freud was deeply shaken. He felt in some way he had supplanted his father in his mother's affections during his childhood. In an effort to understand the nature of hysteria, he imagined that his father had abused him and some of his siblings.
He [was] a little boy who was in his own understanding the apple of his mother's eye and his father was his rival - and he won.
Carl Jung - Wikipedia
And that can be as difficult as losing, to triumph over your father can induce a great feeling of guilt, particularly when they die. If you, for example, wanted them to. Through self-analysis, Freud was able to see the truth about his relationship with his parents.
Freud came to realize that his father was innocent. He came to realize that, as a boy, he had wanted to marry his mother, and saw his father as a rival for her love. Freud understood his own wishes to be universal among all boys in all cultures.
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He called this newly discovered phenomenon the Oedipus Complex and it would become one of his most important ideas.