Zeus Family Tree
The majority were linked to him with only the briefest of genealogical references. Most of these ARES The god of war was a son of Zeus and his wife Hera. Zeus, his wife Hera, and children Ares, Hebe, and Eileithyia. A Heavenly Marriage? Gaia presented her granddaughter, Hera, with a wondrous tree. as the fairest of the goddesses, Hera naturally took the side of the Greeks in the Trojan. Family tree of the Greek gods. Family Tree Image Map the principal Greek gods, his home in the underworld of the dead made his connection to in the world of gods after Zeus led his siblings to victory in war with the Titans; Zeus, Hera.
Before the hour of birth came, Uranus and Ge sent Rhea to Lyctos in Crete, requesting her to bring up her child there. Rhea accordingly concealed her infant in a cave of Mount Aegaeon, and gave to Cronos a stone wrapped up in cloth, which he swallowed in the belief that it was his son. According to the common account, however, Zeus grew up in Crete. As Rhea is sometimes identified with Ge, Zeus is also called a son of Ge.
In the meantime Cronos by a cunning device of Ge or Metis was made to bring up the children he had swallowed, and first of all the stone, which was afterwards set up by Zeus at Delphi.
The young god now delivered the Cyclopes from the bonds with which they had been fettered by Cronos, and they in their gratitude provided him with thunder and lightning.
On the advice of Ge. Zeus also liberated the hundred-armed Gigantes, Briareos, Cottus, and Gyes, that they might assist him in his fight against the Titans. The Titans were conquered and shut up in Tartarus Theog.
Thereupon Tartarus and Ge begot Typhoeus, who began a fearful struggle with Zeus, but was conquered. Zeus now obtained the dominion of the world, and chose Metis for his wife. When she was pregnant with Athena, he took the child out of her body and concealed it in his own, on the advice of Uranus and Ge, who told him that thereby he would retain the supremacy of the world.
For Metis had given birth to a son, this son so fate had ordained it would have acquired the sovereignty. After this Zeus, by his second wife Themis. Athena was born out of the head of Zeus; while Hera, on the other hand, gave birth to Hephaestus without the co-operation of Zeus. These twelve Olympian gods, who in some places were worshipped as a body, as at Athens Thueyd. In surveying the different local traditions about Zeus, it would seem that originally there were several, at least three, divinities which in their respective countries were supreme, but which in the course of time became united in the minds of tile people into one great national divinity.
He was brought up there by the nymphs Theisoa, Neda, and Hagno; the first of these gave her name to an Arcadian town, the second to a river, and the third to a well.
The Rocky Relationship of Zeus and Hera
Lycaon, a son of Pelasgus, who built the first and most ancient town of Lycosura, called Zeus Lycaeus, and erected a temple and instituted the festival of the Lyceia in honour of him; he further offered to him bloody sacrifices, and among others his own son, in consequence of which he was metamorphosed into a wolf lukos; Paus.
No one was allowed to enter the sanctuary of Zeus Lycaeus on Mount Lycaeon, and there was a belief that, if any one entered it, he died within twelve months after, and that in it neither human beings nor animals cast a shadow. Those who entered it intentionally were stoned to death, unless they escaped by flight; and those who had got in by accident were sent to Eleutherae. On the highest summit of Lycaeon, there was an altar of Zeus, in front of which, towards the east, there were two pillars bearing golden eagles.
The sacrifices offered there were kept secret. At Dodona Zeus was mainly a prophetic god, and the oak tree was sacred to him ; but there too he was said to have been reared by if the Dodonaean nymphs Hyades; Schol. Respecting the Dodonaean oracle of Zeus, see Dict.
We have already given the account of him which is contained in the Theogony of Hesiod. He is the god, to whom Rhea, concealed from Cronos, gave birth in a cave of mount Dicte, and whom she entrusted to the Curetes and the nymphs Adrasteia and Ida, the daughters of Melisseus. They fed him with milk of the goat Amaltheia, and the bees of the mountain provided him with honey. Crete is called the island or nurse of the great Zeus, and his worship there appears to have been very ancient.
Among the places in the island which were particularly sacred to the god, we must mention the district about mount Ida, especially Cnosus, which was said to have been built by the Curetes, and where Minos had ruled and conversed with Zeus Hom.
The national Hellenic Zeus, near whose temple at Olympia in Elis, the great national panegyris was celebrated every fifth year. There too Zeus was regarded as the father and king of gods and men, and as the supreme god of the Hellenic nation, His statue there was executed by Pheidias, a few years before the outbreak of the Peloponnesian war, the majestic and sublime idea for this statue having been suggested to the artist by the words of Homer, Il.
According to the traditions of Elis, Cronos was the first ruler of the country, and in the golden age there was a temple dedicated to him at Olympia.
The Rocky Relationship of Zeus and Hera
Rhea, it is further said, entrusted the infant Zeus to the Idaean Dactyls, who were also called Curetes, and had come from mount Ida in Crete to Elis. Heracles, one of them, contended with his brother Dactyls in a footrace, and adorned the victor with a wreath of olive. In this manner he is said to have founded the Olympian games, and Zeus to have contended with Cronos for the kingdom of Elis.
The Greek and Latin poets give to Zeus an immense number of epithets and surnames, which are derived partly from the places where he was worshipped, and partly from his powers and functions. He was worshipped throughout Greece and her colonies, so that it would be useless and almost impossible to enumerate all the places. The eagle, the oak, and the summits of mountains were sacred to him, and his sacrifices generally consisted of goats, bulls and cows.
His usual attributes are, the sceptre, eagle, thunderbolt, and a figure of Victory in his hand, and sometimes also a cornucopia. The Olympian Zeus sometimes wears a wreath of olive, and the Dodonaean Zeus a wreath of oak leaves. In works of art Zeus is generally represented as the omnipotent father and king of gods and men, according to the idea which had been embodied in the statue of the Olympian Zeus by Pheidias.
Zeus Family Tree
Her attempt was foiled when Galanthis frightened Eileithyia while she was tying Alcmene's legs and Heracles was born. Hera thus punishes Galanthis by turning her into a weasel. The witches were successful in preventing the birth until Historisdaughter of Tiresias, thought of a trick to deceive the witches. Like Galanthis, Historis announced that Alcmene had delivered her child; having been deceived, the witches went away, allowing Alcmene to give birth. Heracles throttles the snakes with his bare hands and was found by his nurse playing with their limp bodies as if they were a child's toy.
One account of the origin of the Milky Way is that Zeus had tricked Hera into nursing the infant Heracles: He had previously wounded her severely in the breast. When Heracles reached adulthood, Hera drove him madwhich led him to murder his family and this later led to him undertaking his famous labours. Hera assigned Heracles to labour for King Eurystheus at Mycenae. She attempted to make almost each of Heracles' twelve labours more difficult.
When he fought the Lernaean Hydrashe sent a crab to bite at his feet in the hopes of distracting him. Later Hera stirred up the Amazons against him when he was on one of his quests. When Heracles took the cattle of Geryonhe shot Hera in the right breast with a triple-barbed arrow: Afterwards, Hera sent a gadfly to bite the cattle, irritate them and scatter them. Hera then sent a flood which raised the water level of a river so much that Heracles could not ford the river with the cattle.
He piled stones into the river to make the water shallower. When he finally reached the court of Eurystheus, the cattle were sacrificed to Hera. Eurystheus also wanted to sacrifice the Cretan Bull to Hera. She refused the sacrifice because it reflected glory on Heracles. The bull was released and wandered to Marathon, becoming known as the Marathonian Bull. Some myths state that in the end, Heracles befriended Hera by saving her from Porphyriona giant who tried to rape her during the Gigantomachyand that she even gave her daughter Hebe as his bride.
Whatever myth-making served to account for an archaic representation of Heracles as "Hera's man" it was thought suitable for the builders of the Heraion at Paestum to depict the exploits of Heracles in bas-reliefs. Apollo and Artemis[ edit ] When Hera discovered that Leto was pregnant and that Zeus was the father, she convinced the nature spirits to prevent Leto from giving birth on terra-firmathe mainland, any island at sea, or any place under the sun. Alternatively, Hera kidnapped Eileithyiathe goddess of childbirth, to prevent Leto from going into labor.
The other gods bribed Hera with a beautiful necklace nobody could resist and she finally gave in. Later Tityos attempted to rape Leto at the behest of Hera.
The Greek God Family Tree – Veritable Hokum
He was slain by Artemis and Apollo. Hera saw a lone thundercloud and raced down in an attempt to catch Zeus with a mistress.
Zeus saw her coming and transformed his new bride Io into a little snow-white cow. However, Hera was not fooled and demanded that Zeus give her the heifer as a present.
Zeus could not refuse his queen without drawing suspicion so he had to give her the beautiful heifer. Argus was a loyal servant to Hera and he has immense strength and one hundred eyes all over his body. It was not possible to go past Argus since he never closed more than half his eyes at any time.
Zeus was afraid of Hera's wrath could not personally intervene, so to save Io, he commanded Hermes to kill Argus, which he does by lulling all one hundred eyes into eternal sleep. In Ovid 's interpolation, when Hera learned of Argus' death, she took his eyes and placed them in the plumage of the peacockher favorite animal, accounting for the eye pattern in its tail and making it the vainest of all animals. Eventually Io made it to Egyptthe Egyptians worshiped the snow-white heifer and named her the Egyptian goddess Isis.
Hera permitted Zeus to change Io back into her human form, under the condition that he never look at her again. Io, the goddess-queen of Egypt, then bore Zeus' son as the next King. Judgement of Paris This is one of the many works depicting the event.
Gaia was born from Chaos, the great void of emptiness within the universe. The Titans and the Giants or Gigantes were born from her union with Uranus the sky. The sea-gods were born from her union with Pontus the sea.
Uranus, father of the Titans: Uranus was a primordial deity, god of the heavens, and the first son of Gaia, who he married. The following chart of the Greek gods family tree provides a short description of all of the Titans, their genealogy, roles and functions according to ancient Greek Mythology and legend. Cronus was the youngest son of Gaia and Uranus and one of the Titans.
He married his sister Rhea.
Rhea was the daughter of Gaia and Uranus and one of the Titanides. She married her brother Cronus. Coeus was a son of Gaia and Uranus and one of the Titans. He was the husband of Phoebe, the father of Leto and Asteria. The grandfather of Apollo and Artemis Name: Phoebe was a daughter of Gaia and Uranus and one of the Titanides.
Oceanus was the eldest son of Gaia and Uranus and one of the Titans. He married his sister Tethys. Their children were the Oceanides three thousand daughters. Tethys was a daughter of Gaia and Uranus and one of the Titanides. She was the wife of Oceanus.
Iapetus was a son of Gaia and Uranus and one of the Titans. He married Clymene, one of the Oceanides. The names of their children were Atlas, Epimetheus and Prometheus. Hyperion was the lord of light, brother of Cronus and the Titan of the east. He married Theia, his wife and sister. Their children were Helios, Eos and Selene.
Meaning of his name "he who goes before the sun. Mnemosyne was the goddess of memory and the inventor of words, a daughter of Gaia and Uranus and the mother of the nine Muses by Zeus Name: Theia was a daughter of Gaia and Uranus and the wife and sister of Hyperion. Children - Helios, Eos and Selene Name: Crius was the god of the constellations, a son of Uranus and Gaia.
His consort was Eurybia, daughter of Gaia and Pontus. Astraeus, Pallas and Perses Name: Themis was the god of justice and order. One of the six daughters of Gaia and Uranus, she was the lover of Zeus. Clymene was one of Oceanides, daughters of Tethys and Oceanus.