# Kva and watt relationship

### The difference between VA and watts

There is a direct relationship between the voltage (V), the current (A), and the power in kW or in kVA. The assumption of a lagging power factor for three. Full load current of three phase generating sets at Volts PF. Electrical formulas used: Kilowatts (kW) kVA x Power Factor (PF) Amps from kVA kVA x Why would the manufacturers use kva instead of watts? Kva and watts are different term that represents the same thing but for different uses.

Similarly, you may recognise that you need to increase your level of supply if: Most of the AC motors that can be found in industrial environments are induction motor type with low lagging power factor.

During light loads the induction motors will work at a power factor or 0. Arc lamps, electric discharge lamps and industrial heating furnaces operating at low lagging power factor are used. The load on the power grid system is varying. It will be high during morning and evening hours and lower at other times.

The supply voltage is increased during low load period, which increases the magnetisation current, resulting in low power factor. Example of Power Factor variations.

## The difference between VA and watts

Because current is inversely proportional to the power factor for fixed power and voltage, the lower the power factor, the higher the load current. This results in the following disadvantages: Poor power factor means more line loss dissipation and low transmission efficiency. More capital investment for line conductors to provide the expected transmission efficiency All electrical equipments in connection with generation, transmission, distribution of ac power such as alternators, transformers, switch gear, cables etc are rated on KVA basis.

The lower the power factor the larger is the KVA rating. Large KVA rating of equipment meaning larger size and more expensive equipment. Large current at low power factor causes greater voltage drops in electrical equipment.

The result is reduced voltage at the supply end. In order to keep the receiving end voltage within permissible limits, additional devices like voltage regulators are required. The impact of a high reactive power and resulting low power factor principally matter to grid operators. Yet, penalties on low power factor are generally imposed to end-consumers for power factor values below a certain threshold, e.

### Power Calculator for Generators: Convert kVA to kW, kW to kVA, kW to HP

How to manage poor power factor now that you have identified it? At the demand-side, the following power factor correction devices are generally used for power factor improvement before the meter: Over excited synchronous motors have to be used in place of induction motors.

They are smaller in frame size and economical too.

Induction motors have maximum power factor when fully loaded, so they should be used at full load condition. If you are incurring wattless charges despite having power factor correction capacitors in place, it means that they may be damaged or require tuning.

You should contact your electrical contractor to confirm that they are operating correctly. More on this can be found at [2] and [3].

Analysing Voltage measurements V Undesirable issues may arise due to voltage problems in your premises or on the grid network. Such problems can manifest themselves in a number of ways. Lights that dim when other appliances are in use.

Computer screens become unstable when other appliances are in use. Electrical motors that fail to start first time. It is important to review voltage fluctuations to discover voltage drops, power outage characteristics and patterns of low and high voltage levels.

Example of Voltage variations. It is generally implemented upstream of end service points in the distribution system so the efficiency benefits are realised by consumers and the distributor. CVR consists of controlling the voltage on a distribution circuit to the lower end of a tolerance band, meaning that end-use loads draw less power when voltage is lowered.

Because benefits in the form of energy savings accrue to customers, utilities have little or no incentive to invest in CVR. CVR systems deployed at the customer side of the meter are however on the market and prove to be a suitable source of energy savings with viable payback. More about CVR can be found at [7]. Try out on your Wattics dashboard now You are now ready for deeper analysis of your electrical demand and supply. Of course, we are always there should you need clarifications on how to use your energy management dashboard, so please feel free to get in touch with us at any time.

## Difference Between kVA and kW

This may be "typical", if typical exists, of inductive reactance loads such as motors. However, many three phase circuits now incorporate non-linear loads such as variable frequency drives that require special attention to correctly size the generator to the load characteristics. Similarly, assuming a 1.

To avoid confusion, the electrical output from the generator is often referred to as kWe--the actual generator output after efficiency losses within the generator. Electrical power is usually measured in Watts W or thousands of Watts kilowatts, kWe. For single phase circuits the relationship is: Similarly, the system's current can easily be found if you know the kWe and voltage. Before attempting to size a generator set, gather as much detail about the actual operating conditions and loads as possible.

Sometimes a "custom built" generator set--sized for the specific requirements--can easily pay for its cost in fuel savings, especially where motor starting is a primary consideration.

These charts are handy guides to find the current Amperes or kilowatts in an electrical system.