The Relation between. NGOs and Government. Presented by. Laszlo Szabo ( PhD). November 15, Szeged. This paper describes the characteristics of this relationship, concentrating on issues which affect the efficacy of NGOs, the attainment of governments' poverty. The collaboration between the government and NGOs has been very weak .. to be sensitive to protocol and to maintain relations with government institutions.
In those, activities there are also non cooperated bodies like clubs voluntary associations provided service like adult literacy, helped in the time of disaster and famine and organized cultural and other extracurricular activities. Those NGOs are normally covered with socio cultural fabric of Bangladesh. Self help village level organizations known as Palloli Mongal Samitties village welfare society were found in many district from Local Administrators encourage these village Samities for a combination of local good work and the building of local patronage relationships.
Key points and shifting focuses s: After liberation war NGOs got new momentum. And there activities were limited to emergency help and relief work. No NGO worth mentioning was in sight in this period. And the ideas of "Besharkari Unnayan Protistan " nongovernmental development organization works were not perceived by people or the government.
And government was regarded provider of all services. But when there are massive destruction in infrastructure and in economy after liberation war there are lack of food, shelter, medicine and others essential support. The first generation of Bangladeshi NGO grew in this situation with relief and rehabilitation program me. During this period NGOs not only provided medicines, food, and clothes but also provided support to build houses, helps to build physical and social infrastructure.
By those activities few NGOs created good name for NGO and proved their potentiality to engage themselves in the socio economic development of Bangladesh.
But this orientation was not sustainable so they shifted their course of action from charity and welfare orientation to a self reliant local development orientation, Huda Gradually NGOs expand their activities in different parts of the country, so there need a platform to coordinate their activities and also need network to maintain liaison with government and donors.
ADAB was established as a networking organization. And this organization is significant for three reasons: It provided a common forum for the NGOs to meet, discuss and resolve problems.
Government engaged ADAB in emergency relief and rehabilitation activities in the time of natural disaster. Second period was to when poor became main focuses of NGOs.
Relationship between NGOs and Government – Explained!
And the programs were alleviating poverty, non formal education etc. That initial collaboration worked fairly and government found it to be useful collaborator in attaining development. This collaboration indeed depicted a relation of mutual trust and understanding. In this period there has been a large scale growth of NGOs at local, regional and national levels.
NGOs have been working in small Geographic area successfully. In order to expand their activities, a few NGOs undertook programs of collaboration with government and other relevant agencies. Then government put importance on NGOs to collaborate in National level.
And this recognition of government marked the NGOs as a development actor. This sets the beginning of relations, sometimes marked by trust and success but also in some cases by tension and mistrust. NGOs played significant role in the aftermath of three devastating floodsand and also of the cyclone.
Through effective role in disaster, NGOs established their credibility and acceptance by both national government and the International community. NGOs have always been the first before the government to reach affected people. Government had put importance on coordination and cooperation between NGOs, government and private organization.
Sometimes political pressure was created for the share of relief.
Relationship between NGOs and Government – Explained!
In disaster mitigation and management, NGOs have an excellent relation with government and local level institutions. There are no serious regulations from government. The states role was positive and not fully restricted. With the work of relief and rehabilitation NGOs became very popular development actor.
So, questions were rising are they really nonprofit voluntary organizations? So government has felt the necessary to make them accountable and transparent.
As result some ordinance and act emerged, where NGOs can be registered. And government didn't know how funds are received and spend. Two laws were enforced to monitor the inflow. In response government created The NGOs Affairs Bureau in to decrease bureaucracy procedure and provide one stop service. And government considers this as a step to improve the relation with NGOs. World Bank ;;Ahmad ;Ahmad and Morshed But from NGOs show a tendency to get involved with non party politics.
Because of politicization of Ershad. There emerge a leadership crisis in ADAB because of expulsion and counter expulsion. The voter education program remains controversial among some civil society actors, ADAB members and politicians due to its involvement with national political process Ashman Some members felt that ADAB was shifting its main focus from development advocacy to polytonal advocacy.
So questions raising what are non politics? In the political party which has close relationship with ADAB won the election.
And it became a risk for NGOs in election time. It emerged as a controversial body after the election. Some ADAB, influential member took a position which was secular, pro democratic and plays some role as before and encourage voters to vote pro liberal minded.
After election ofsome allegations were raised against certain NGOs becoming agent of certain political parties. So some measures were taken from government to regulate NGOs activities. But no good result emerges. NGOs activities in grassroots level which looks non political but have an important and far reaching political implications.
It has become possible for the increasing reliance of government on basic service provision by NGOs. Although these relations have not always been sound, smooth and behind mistrust, the truth is that NGOs are big player in poverty alleviation, water, education, nutrition, sanitation, family planning, immunization, livestock and fisheries etc. In recent years government has been incorporating NGOs into various committees with other line ministries from Union to National levels and sharing and learning from the experience of NGOs in different sectors.
This activities show government understanding that NGOs are significant actor in the socio economic development of Bangladesh. Now maximum development works of Bangladesh are done by government with NGOs.
The meeting focuses on simple information sharing to dissemination of government policy, regulations etc. NGOs provide reports on their activities to DC.
District Institutional [educational] Coordination Committee. District Agriculture Development Committee. District Agriculture Extension and Planning Committee. District Seed and Fertilizer Monitoring Committee.
Information, policy and regulations etc are all disseminated in a top down manner by both Government and NGOs. NGOs cooperation is sought during disasters but otherwise the exchange is not proactive on either side. Coordination of NGO activities is emphasized to avoid overlapping and duplication.
Upazila NGOs activities are coordinated and recognized through a number of committees that are formed at the Upazila level. These committees are ; a. Upazila Development Coordination Commttee. Upazila Disaster Management Committee. Upazila Land Reform Committee. In all these committees Upazila offices of different linr ministries are represented.
The meeting of these committees are not held regularly. NGOs normally work according to their own programme objectives and policies.
Union Parishad Union Parishad is the grass root elected local level institutions. Since when conflict between the government and rebels groups started in the State, a shortage of both government and private sector health facilities has come about to serve the people who have been affected by conflict.
The number of people thus affected is estimated to be about 1. These people are living in camps in the vicinity of large towns such as El Fasher, the capital of North Darfur State.CMoP Forum: Philanthropy Needs to Be on the Side of NGOs
They live in poor conditions, suffer ing outbreaks of disease, with malaria and diarrhea a constant threat 3. The federal and state governments are responsible for providing basic health services. The State Ministry of Health runs an extensive network of hospitals, rural hospitals, clinics and dispensaries, but the services suffer from shortages of human and financial resources and equipment to deliver curative health services.
Furthermore, people face difficulties in accessing health services, especially in rural and conflict-affected areas. The State Ministry of Health needs assistance from NGOs and other stakeholders to become involved in financing and delivering curative health services.
This situation has led international Non-Governmental Organizations NGOs to intervene and take responsibility for providing most of the curative health services in North Darfur State 4. These organisations concentrate their efforts on urban areas because of their lack of capacity. The range of activities carried out by NGOs extends from providing hospitals, clinics and primary health care centers, to providing free consultation and drugs.
NGOs contribute to curative health service delivery by providing human and financial resources, materials and equipment, sharing information, developing joint projects with government, and developing national health policy, as well as creating joint committees with government. This article analyses all these forms of collaboration between the government and NGOs in delivering curative health services in North Darfur State and identifies the challenges that affect this collaboration.
But in order to do so the way in which such collaboration is organized should first be explained. Methods Both quantitative and qualitative research methods were used to address the specific objectives of this study, which were to: Examine the existing collaboration between government and NGOs in curative health service delivery; Identify the challenges that affect their collaboration.