Pressure and the Gas Laws
The Relationship between Pressure and Volume: Boyle's Law . terms: At constant pressure, the volume of a fixed amount of gas is directly. Boyle's Law is a relationship between pressure and volume. in which Pressure and Temperature have a direct relationship as determined by. If two letters are touching each other, they have a direct relationship. That is, pressure and temperature have a direct relationship, and volume and temperature.
For this reason, columns of mercury, "hanging" in an inverted vacuum tube, can be used as practical instruments to measure atmospheric pressure see FigureLutgens and Tarbuck, If water were used instead of mercury, the height of the column equivalent to normal pressure would be The Gas Laws The example of the gas-filled balloon can also be used to explore the basic gas laws see also Appendix D, p.
In the following, lets assume that the balloon is tight, so that the amount or mass of air in it stays the same: With density being the ratio of mass per volume, the gas density of the balloon thus varies only with its volume when mass is held constant.
According to Boyle's law, is pressure directly or inversely related to temperature?
If we squeeze the balloon, we compress the air and two things will happen: Since density is mass over volume, and the mass stays constant, the rise in density means that the volume of the balloon decreases: For two states of pressure P1, P2 and two corresponding volumes V1, V2this is stated mathematically: This in turn increases the rate at which the gas molecules bombard the skin of the balloon.
Cooling the balloon down again will make the balloon shrink. Pressure is force per unit area, calculated by dividing the force by the area on which the force acts.
The earth's gravity acts on air molecules to create a force, that of the air pushing on the earth. This is called atmospheric pressure. The units of pressure that are used are pascal Pastandard atmosphere atmand torr. It is normally used as a standard unit of pressure.
The SI unit though, is the pascal. For laboratory work the atmosphere is very large.
Relationships among Pressure, Temperature, Volume, and Amount
A more convient unit is the torr. A torr is the same unit as the mmHg millimeter of mercury. It is the pressure that is needed to raise a tube of mercury 1 millimeter.
The Pressure-Volume Law Boyle's law or the pressure-volume law states that the volume of a given amount of gas held at constant temperature varies inversely with the applied pressure when the temperature and mass are constant. Another way to describing it is saying that their products are constant. When volume goes up, pressure goes down.
Boyle's law - Wikipedia
From the equation above, this can be derived: This equation states that the product of the initial volume and pressure is equal to the product of the volume and pressure after a change in one of them under constant temperature.
For example, if the initial volume was mL at a pressure of torr, when the volume is compressed to mL, what is the pressure?
Plug in the values: The Temperature-Volume Law This law states that the volume of a given amount of gas held at constant pressure is directly proportional to the Kelvin temperature. V Same as before, a constant can be put in: Also same as before, initial and final volumes and temperatures under constant pressure can be calculated.