Relationship of mass and inertia

kinematics - Inertia Vs Momentum - Physics Stack Exchange

relationship of mass and inertia

Mass and inertia are directly related but mass is not equal to inertia. Newton's First Law of Motion: Inertia. Explain with the help of examples. Answer: The mass of a body is a measure of its inertia. It means larger the mass of a body, larger will be the. It has been said that mass is a measurement of inertia. We can illustrate this mathematically using force, momentum, and even energy. Momentum describes .

It has no magnitude or measurement units. To quantify Inertia, physicists developed the more specific concept of Momentum, which has quantities of mass, speed, and direction. Inertia is the observed natural tendency of an object in motion to keep moving in the same direction and at the same speed, or if at rest, to stay at rest.

In physics, we quickly learn the the only difference between an object moving or being at rest is the relative motion of the observer, so both of these cases are really the same thing.

State the relationship between mass and inertia

Inertia simply tells us that to change the motion of an object requires applying a force to it. To fully describe the property of Inertia with units we can measure, we must quantify an object's speed of motion, direction of motion, and resistance to change of motion. We combine these three things into a single parameter for each object called its Momentum.

relationship of mass and inertia

The resistance to change of motion does not depend upon direction, so it is what we call a "scalar" quantity, and has been named Mass. We quantify Mass using units such as kg or lb-mass. Objects that require a lot of Force to accelerate a little bit have large Mass.

relationship of mass and inertia

Objects that accelerate a lot with a little bit of Force have small Mass. Speed is also a scalar quantity, but when we combine speed with direction, we get a "vector" quantity called Velocity.

relationship of mass and inertia

Or at least to the end of the table top. A force is not required to keep a moving book in motion. In actuality, it is a force that brings the book to rest.

What is the Relationship Between Mass and Inertia

Mass as a Measure of the Amount of Inertia All objects resist changes in their state of motion. All objects have this tendency - they have inertia. But do some objects have more of a tendency to resist changes than others?

relationship of mass and inertia

The tendency of an object to resist changes in its state of motion varies with mass. Mass is that quantity that is solely dependent upon the inertia of an object.

The more inertia that an object has, the more mass that it has.

relationship of mass and inertia

A more massive object has a greater tendency to resist changes in its state of motion. Suppose that there are two seemingly identical bricks at rest on the physics lecture table. Yet one brick consists of mortar and the other brick consists of Styrofoam.

  • Newest Questions
  • What is Inertia
  • Mass and Inertia

Without lifting the bricks, how could you tell which brick was the Styrofoam brick? You could give the bricks an identical push in an effort to change their state of motion. The brick that offers the least resistance is the brick with the least inertia - and therefore the brick with the least mass i. A common physics demonstration relies on this principle that the more massive the object, the more that object resist changes in its state of motion.

State the relationship between mass and inertia -

The demonstration goes as follows: A wooden board is placed on top of the books and a hammer is used to drive a nail into the board. Due to the large mass of the books, the force of the hammer is sufficiently resisted inertia. This is demonstrated by the fact that the teacher does not feel the hammer blow. Of course, this story may explain many of the observations that you previously have made concerning your "weird physics teacher.