Task-oriented and relationship-oriented leadership - Wikipedia
This article forms part of the Leadership Styles Blog Series and focuses on the topic of Relationship-Oriented Leadership. Leadership styles in particular differ from business to business, but two leadership theories remain prominent: task-oriented leadership and relational- oriented. Task-oriented leadership theory describes a leader that is motivated by accomplishing tasks and concerned with the delineating roles and specific tasks for.
The manner in which a leader accomplishes these goals can vary greatly.Task-Oriented Behaviour VS Relationship-Oriented Behaviour
For example, a task-oriented leader will define roles and business goals, and plan, organize and monitor work. In turn, a relationship-oriented leader will create and maintain supportive relationships as he encourages teamwork. Task Leadership The accomplishment of goals and work-group effectiveness are the primary concerns of task-oriented leaders.
Task vs. Relationship Leadership Theories | Your Business
As a result, this type of leader focuses on task structure, process standards, desired outcomes and meeting deadlines, rather than interpersonal relationships. These directive leaders use conditional reinforcement to manage the performance of employees. For example, the leader rewards the performance of tasks and evaluates employees according to the relative value of their contributions to the accomplishment of group objectives.
The task-oriented leader also applies disciplinary measures to correct unacceptable behavior. In addition, the degree to which an employee contributes to the accomplishment of group goals -- rather than personal goals -- determines the degree of work-related support he will receive from his manager. Effects of Task Leadership A task-oriented leader often has a thorough understanding of business processes and procedures, which contributes to the appropriate delegation of work and the accurate and on-time completion of work tasks.
In addition, a task-oriented leader imposes deadlines and standards on team members who may lack self-motivation, which contributes to the timely accomplishment of business objectives. Typically, all leaders have elements of both task and relationship orientations.
What is Task-Oriented Leadership? - St. Thomas Online
However, most tend to lean in one direction or another. Generally, a leader who can balance elements of both can have more long-term influence on his workers.
Motives A task-oriented leader typically focuses on completing work tasks efficiently and effectively. He tends to stress deadlines, is often organized and is able to convey details of work tasks to employees.
He often has a bottom-line approach. A relationship-oriented leader, on the other hand, tends to stress building relationships with his workers. His objective is to build rapport with employees so that they are motivated to work well together and to complete tasks.
He tends to place more emphasis on group harmony and culture. Influence Leaders generally need the ability to influence others to succeed.
What is Task-Oriented Leadership?
Task-oriented leaders tend to use a more autocratic approach to leadership. They often rely on position power, goal setting, results tracking, clear directives and pushing of employees.
Self-motivated workers tend to make a better fit with a task-oriented leader. A relationship-oriented leader uses empathy and relationships to influence. He believes that if employees see he genuinely cares about them as people, they are more likely to take direction and be inspired by his guidance.