The Sorrows of Young Werther by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
The Sorrows of Young Werther is a loosely autobiographical epistolary novel by Johann . to and parodies Werther's relationship in his novel Sartor Resartus. Thomas Mann's novel Lotte in Weimar recounts a fictional reunion. Werther clearly trusts in the elementary power of the language of more . Lotte and Albert have now settled into a comfortable marriage. THE ELEMENT OF TIME IN GOETHE'S WERTHER AND KAFKA'S. PROZESS The passage of time, bringing with it Lotte's marriage to Albert, of which he heard .. Time had to pass to make K. ripe for the slaughter, but it could be trusted to.
They were in a carriage with his date and her also anonymous cousin, who had given a book to Lotte and now asked if she had read it. And the one before was no better. Werther had imagined her delight at being understood. She can still see the charm in books like that, but now she has less time to waste and only reads what perfectly suits her taste: And I do love best of all that author in whom I rediscover my own world, in whose books things happen the way they do all around me, and whose story is as interesting and heartfelt as my own domestic life, which, of course, is no paradise and yet all in all is a source of inexpressible happiness.
Lotte prefers a more familiar realism, not because of any lack of imagination on her part but just because her time is limited now and she has an earnest interest in how her world works. She had warned Werther earlier to beware of Lotte, who is engaged to Albert, who is out of town. The sequence is as rigorous as a syllogism and as inescapably true: Just like him, we forget about the others in the carriage, and we end up a little embarrassed by the self-imposed limits of our literary community.
When Albert comes back from settling his inheritance to take up a government post, Werther becomes friends with him, too, but grows increasingly aware that his feelings for Lotte are unhealthy and inappropriate. At the end of the summer, he leaves. Part two is about the same length but set over a longer period, from the fall of through late Decemberas Werther writes less and less often.
The Sorrows of Young Werther - Wikipedia
Lotte and Albert get married. Trying to give him something to do, she suggests that he read to her from some poems by Ossian that he has translated for her, but which she had left unread in a drawer: Much to the dismay of every reader, the next 10 pages of the book are an excerpt from an awful poem about the ghosts of Scottish warriors haunting the heath or whatever. A neighbor sees the flash and hears the shot but ignores them, leaving Werther to suffer until his servant comes in hours later and calls a doctor.
For most of that time, it was routinely assailed by competitors and critics.
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Under such circumstances, it is not at all surprising to find young Werther insufficiently drawn. Compartmentalization is the point, after all.
The crisis is to be shunted into a fictional construct, distant from reality, where it can be adequately expressed and explored.
As Werther is only a part of the identity of Goethe, he cannot be inhabited in full. Yet it is imperative that the madness he suffers be completely relayed.How to Build Trust in Relationships
And so we have these letters written to a friend about a woman, about a passion, about investment, immersion, imbalance, disassociation, disconnection, pleasure, rage, agony, delusion, suicide; loss without gain.
Werther seems, to many who have read the story, to be a dilettante, an egoist, a shallow and callow youth. Auden, in his introduction, calls him a horrid little monster. Perhaps he is, yet I think it's only fair to point out that Werther was never intended to have more than half a soul to begin with.
He visits her one final time, and they are both overcome with emotion after he recites to her a passage of his own translation of Ossian.
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Even before that incident, Werther had hinted at the idea that one member of the love triangle — Charlotte, Albert or Werther himself — had to die to resolve the situation.
Unable to hurt anyone else or seriously consider murder, Werther sees no other choice but to take his own life. After composing a farewell letter to be found after his death, he writes to Albert asking for his two pistols, on the pretext that he is going "on a journey". Charlotte receives the request with great emotion and sends the pistols.
Werther then shoots himself in the head, but does not die until twelve hours later. He is buried under a linden tree that he has mentioned frequently in his letters. The funeral is not attended by any clergy, or by Albert or Charlotte. The book ends with an intimation that Charlotte may die of a broken heart.
Charlotte's life was despaired of," etc.
Effect on Goethe[ edit ] Goethe portrait in profile Werther was one of Goethe's few works aligned with the aesthetic, social and philosophical ideals that pervaded the German proto- Romantic movement known as Sturm und Drangbefore he and Friedrich von Schiller moved into Weimar Classicism. The novel was published anonymously, and Goethe distanced himself from it in his later years,  regretting the fame it had brought him and the consequent attention to his own youthful love of Charlotte Buffthen already engaged to Johann Christian Kestner.
He wrote Werther at the age of twenty-four, and yet this was all that some of his visitors in his old age knew him for. He even denounced the Romantic movement as "everything that is sick. Yet, Goethe substantially reworked the book for the edition  and acknowledged the great personal and emotional influence that The Sorrows of Young Werther could exert on forlorn young lovers who discovered it.