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Taiwan is a primary flashpoint in East Asia. Its explosiveness results from China's ongoing insistence – and Taiwan's refusal – that Taipei fall. Latest Current Affairs in December, about India-China. The strained relations between two sides later improved resulting in informal summit between . Read all the latest news and updates on India China Relations only on News com. Find all news including political news, current affairs and news headlines.
The PRC continued an active propaganda campaign against India and supplied ideological, financial, and other assistance to dissident groups, especially to tribes in northeastern India.
Sri Lanka played the role of chief negotiator for the withdrawal of Chinese troops from the Indian territory. Both countries agreed to Colombo's proposals.
On 11 September, Chinese troops opened fire on a detachment of Indian soldiers tasked with protecting an engineering company that was fencing the North Shoulder of Nathu La.
This escalated over the next five days to an exchange of heavy artillery and mortar fire between the Indian and Chinese forces. Sixty-two Indian soldiers were killed. On 1 Octobersome Indian and Chinese soldiers had an argument over the control of a boulder at the Chola outpost in Sikkim then a protectorate of Indiatriggering a fight that escalated to a mortar and heavy machine gun duel.
While Indian forces would sustain eighty-eight troops killed in action with another troops wounded, China would suffer less casualties, with 32 killed and 91 wounded in Nathu Laas well as forty in Chola. Although China strongly condemned India, it did not carry out its veiled threat to intervene on Pakistan's behalf. Inthe Indian Minister of External Affairs Atal Bihari Vajpayee made a landmark visit to Beijing, and both countries officially re-established diplomatic relations in The PRC modified its pro-Pakistan stand on Kashmir and appeared willing to remain silent on India's absorption of Sikkim and its special advisory relationship with Bhutan.
The PRC's leaders agreed to discuss the boundary issue, India's priority, as the first step to a broadening of relations.
The two countries hosted each other's news agencies, and Mount Kailash and Mansarowar Lake in Tibet, the mythological home of the Hindu pantheonwere opened to annual pilgrimages. India also undertook infrastructural development in disputed areas. In the winter ofthe Chinese deployed their troops to the Sumdorong Chu before the Indian team could arrive and built a Helipad at Wandung.
Sundarjiairlifted a brigade to the region. However, Indian foreign minister N. In the PRC insisted on mutual concessions without defining the exact terms of its "package proposal" or where the actual line of control lay.
In andthe negotiations achieved nothing, given the charges exchanged between the two countries of military encroachment in the Sumdorung Chu Valley. China's construction of a military post and helicopter pad in the area in and India's grant of statehood to Arunachal Pradesh formerly the North-East Frontier Agency in February caused both sides to deploy troops to the area.
The PRC relayed warnings that it would "teach India a lesson" if it did not cease "nibbling" at Chinese territory. By the summer ofhowever, both sides had backed away from conflict and denied military clashes had taken place. A warming trend in relations was facilitated by Rajiv Gandhi 's visit to China in December During this visit, both sides agreed to develop and expand bilateral relations in all fields. It was also agreed to establish a Joint Working Group JWG to seek fair, reasonable and mutually acceptable solution on the boundary question.
India and China sorted out their differences on the China's practice of issuing visas on a piece of paper to the residents of Jammu and Kashmir. China had resorted to this practice on the ground that Jammu and Kashmir was a disputed territory. India took strong exception, saying it infringed on its sovereignty and also amounted to China altering its long-standing policy to stay neutral on the Kashmir issue.
It was finally sorted out in after China quietly stopped the practice, prompting India to resume defence ties after a year-long hiatus. China maintains that it have sovereignty over whole South China sea while Vietnam lays its claim over the parts of South China sea. South China sea has proven oil reserves of 7. The agreement between India and Vietnam has strained the relations between not only India and China but also between China and Vietnam.
india china relations news
Both promote the notion of a multi-polar world in which they may serve as bigger players alongside the United States.
It also wants to resolve its domestic problems in a coherent manner. To achieve all these objectives, it is necessary for China to have friendly relations with India, despite the inherited bilateral issues.
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However, the attitude within India towards forging cordial relations with China remains mixed to some extent due to the historical legacy of China-India relations. While the left parties such as the Communist party of India Marxist has always sought the friendly relations with China, but the right wing parties and some people within the security establishment view China as a major security threat 1 [ 1 ].
From this perspective, it would be pertinent here to state these areas in which both the sides compete with each other and which is a major source of distrust, suspicion and misunderstanding between them.
India-China Ties: From Past To Present, All You Need To Know
Bilateral Issues between China and India There are factors within and outside between China and India which still impacts their relations, for instance, border and Tibet issues are more prominent and recently, the water issue has also surfaced in the bilateral relations between China and India.
These bilateral issues will not only effect on their present relations but have a negative impact on their future relations as well; it will also affect the process of their rise and the peace and stability in and outside the region.
Border issue The main problem between the two countries is the Border question, which is a historical one. The Border issue is rooted in the disputed status of the McMahon Line, which defines the border between India and Tibet. India recognizes this agreement as the basis for its territorial claim while China objected the validity of McMahon Line which was drawn in Simla convention because China believes that it was not a party to Simla Convention so it is not bound to accept the boundary demarcated by Simla convention 2 [ 2 ].
India claims 43, squares Kilometers of Jammu and Kashmir occupied by China including square kilometers cede to China by Pakistan under a China-Pakistan boundary Agreement.
On the other hand China claims 90, square kilometers of territory held by India in Arunachal Pradesh 3 [ 3 ]. After the war, relationship between China and India remained hostile for several decades.
Major Bilateral Issues between China and India | OMICS International
China claimed the major territorial concessions in populated areas of Arunachal Pradesh particularly Twang because Chinese claim it to be central to Tibetan Buddhism given that the sixth Dalai Lama was born there 5 [ 4 ]. In the same way, as China seeks return of Arunachal Pradesh on religious grounds, India demands the return of the sacred Mount Kailash Manasrovar in Tibet, since it is a sacred place associated with the Hindu religion 6 [ 5 ].
However, ease on border and overall border relations began to improve following the border agreements in and between the two states. Since then, both sides have agreed to keep working on the border issue and resolved that any disagreement on border issue should not be allowed to affect the overall bilateral relations. The two sides have also pursued Confidence Building Measures CBMs along the border which includes mutual troop cut, regular meetings of local military commanders and other confidence measures.
Further, an additional step was taken for the resolution of border disputes in when both the sides appointed Special Representatives to address the border issue 7 [ 6 ]. Since, then the Special Representatives have held number of talks to resolve the border issue, but so far no breakthrough has been achieved.
Moreover, it should also be taken into consideration here that although India has recognized Tibet as a part of China, at the popular level, there remains significant sympathy for the Tibetan cause within India.In Depth: India-China Relations