India inks agreement to expand trade with Chile - The Economic Times
China–India relations, also called Sino-Indian relations or Indo-Chinese relations , refers to the bilateral relationship between the People's Republic of China. The Chilean government on Monday emphasized the role its country is playing in diplomatic relations with China, with bilateral trade exceeding. Chile – People's Republic of China relations officially began on 15 December Contents. 1 History; 2 Bilateral relations; 3 Current relations; 4 See also.
In the PRC insisted on mutual concessions without defining the exact terms of its "package proposal" or where the actual line of control lay. In andthe negotiations achieved nothing, given the charges exchanged between the two countries of military encroachment in the Sumdorung Chu Valley.
China's construction of a military post and helicopter pad in the area in and India's grant of statehood to Arunachal Pradesh formerly the North-East Frontier Agency in February caused both sides to deploy troops to the area. The PRC relayed warnings that it would "teach India a lesson" if it did not cease "nibbling" at Chinese territory. By the summer ofhowever, both sides had backed away from conflict and denied military clashes had taken place. A warming trend in relations was facilitated by Rajiv Gandhi 's visit to China in December India and the People's Republic of China agreed to achieve a "fair and reasonable settlement while seeking a mutually acceptable solution" to the border dispute.
Rajiv Gandhi signed bilateral agreements on science and technology co-operation, establish direct air links, and on cultural exchanges.
The two sides also agreed to hold annual diplomatic consultations between foreign ministers, set up a joint committee on economic and scientific co-operation, and a joint working group on the boundary issue.
The latter group was to be led by the Indian foreign secretary and the Chinese vice minister of foreign affairs.
Progress was also made in reducing tensions on the border via mutual troop reductions, regular meetings of local military commanders, and advance notification about military exercises. Consulates reopened in Bombay Mumbai and Shanghai in December InThe sixth-round of the joint working group talks was held in New Delhi but resulted in only minor developments.
Prime Minister Narasimha Rao and Premier Li Peng signed a border agreement dealing with cross-border trade, cooperation on environmental issues e. PollutionAnimal extinctionGlobal Warmingetc. A senior-level Chinese military delegation made a goodwill visit to India in December aimed at "fostering confidence-building measures between the defence forces of the two countries. In JanuaryBeijing announced that it not only favored a negotiated solution on Kashmir, but also opposed any form of independence for the region.
Talks were held in New Delhi in February aimed at confirming established "confidence-building measures", discussing clarification of the "line of actual control", reduction of armed forces along the line, and prior information about forthcoming military exercises. China's hope for settlement of the boundary issue was reiterated. Talks were held in Beijing in July and in New Delhi in August to improve border security, combat cross-border crimes and on additional troop withdrawals from the border.
These talks further reduced tensions. The Centre serves as the representative office of the Republic of China Taiwan and is the counterpart of the India-Taipei Association located in Taiwan. Both institutions share the goal of improving India-ROC relations, which have been strained since New Delhi's recognition of Beijing in Sino-Indian relations hit a low point in following India's nuclear tests.
Chile–India relations - Wikipedia
InChina was one of the strongest international critics of India's nuclear tests and entry into the nuclear club. During the Kargil War China voiced support for Pakistan, but also counseled Pakistan to withdraw its forces. Nathu La was re-opened in following numerous bilateral trade agreements.
The opening of the pass is expected to bolster the economy of the region and play a key role in the growing Sino-Indian trade. Chinese officials were in a quandary on this issue as any protest to India on the issue would mean an explicit endorsement on India's governance of Sikkim, which the Chinese still hadn't recognised. InChina officially recognised Indian sovereignty over Sikkim as the two countries moved towards resolving their border disputes.
Inthe two countries proposed opening up the Nathula and Jelepla Passes in Sikkim. Wen stated that the 21st century will be "the Asian century of the IT industry.
Issues surrounding energy has risen in significance. Both countries have growing energy demand to support economic growth.
Chile emphasizes its role in vanguard of bilateral relations with China
The exchange of personnel need not be constrained by geographical distance as we can see in the case of the Chinese also establishing military links with countries in South America. Another area which holds a lot of promise is cooperation on peacekeeping. India has been the third-largest contributor of troops and police to UN peacekeeping operations and has developed significant capabilities in terms of logistics, training and other parts of the peacekeeping processes.
The Chilean role in peacekeeping has increased over the years, with Chile sending in personnel to participate in observer missions posted to places like Haiti, East-Timor. News Bharti India has the Centre for United Nations Peacekeeping created to spread the lessons learned from years of experience. This shows that lessons can be learned mutually when it comes to peacekeeping.
Need of a pro-active approach in Indo-Chilean defence ties
This becomes significant when you notice the expansion of Peacekeeping operations around the world with more complex mandates and service delivery. This also can translate to gains in cooperation when Troop Contributing Countries negotiate the various mandates and service at the Security Council when new missions are authorized, or existing mandates have been renewed or expanded.
Both countries could potentially learn something in the realm of disaster management and relief as well, where both countries have been improving their logistical capabilities to respond to various kinds of disasters.
Fiveprime The exchange of personnel for the training of various kinds is a very workable idea and requires us to leverage existing resources and institutions and will permeate a lot faster in terms of cooperation. If the stumbling block in defence acquisition and procurement is that of spare parts and serviceability, then it would be prudent for Indian firms to be creating and improving logistical chains for the servicing of the products they sell.
Perhaps, the setting up of a logistics hub in Chile could be an incentive for Chile to place larger orders for defence equipment and needs to be incorporated into future contracts.
While contracts are executed by individual firms, perhaps regulatory agencies at the governmental level can incentivize this provision in larger interests and relations between the two countries. As stated earlier, the relations between India and Chile when it comes to defence and military represents more of potential than actual depth in relations currently. He also studied at the Institute of UN studies.